Cellulite: That’s where orange peel comes from, that’s how you get rid of it

cellulite free legs

Cellulite has nothing to do with weight, it shows up on the thinnest legs. We reveal how to avoid them, smooth them out and what you can use to combat them.

Cellulite is a primarily cosmetic issue. It has to do with ideals of beauty, self-perception, lifestyle. What is nice is what is firm – cellulite dents are the opposite.

What is cellulite?

Cellulite is first of all a skin condition. No illness. You can find the dents ugly or ignore them. This is your choice.

Numerous studies have shown that in more than 80 percent of the women examined – regardless of age – cellulite occurs in a more or less pronounced form.

Every woman has a tendency to cellulite. Men can also get orange peel if they cause a loss of androgens through constant stress in combination with obesity and muscle breakdown.

Then their connective tissue also becomes weak and dents. Different than with women, because men have a mesh connective tissue, but women have a vertically structured one.

The development of cellulite

  • Stage 1 : On the surface, the skin is firm and smooth. But if you squeeze the skin on your thighs, buttocks or stomach with your hands, honeycomb-shaped dents appear – you are predisposed to orange peel.
  • Stage 2 : The cellulite is visible without pushing the skin together and pinching the affected area is painful.
  • Stage 3: The cellulite is clearly visible. The skin is slack, has an irregular structure and is gray due to poor blood circulation

What Causes Cellulite?

cellulite causes before after
cellulite causes before after

An interaction of hormones, body fat percentage, stress, fatty, sugary diet and lack of exercise, alcohol and smoking also cause cellulite.

The more fat the cells store, the more the fat cells push themselves out through the lattice-like connective tissue. There are bumps and valleys, i.e. dents.

Coffee, nicotine and alcohol put a strain on the connective tissue, wear it out, so to speak, by hindering the metabolism. Energy flows worse through fat than through muscles – that creates inertia. The stabilizing fibroblasts, mother cells of the connective tissue that produce firming collagen and elastin, are also weakened by a poor lifestyle.

So the fat cells fed by poor nutrition can bulge outwards.

An old wives’ tale has to be revealed here: jogging does not cause cellulite . Unless you have no muscles and run like crazy without any prior strength training.

Then dents can form at the beginning, but they disappear again with regular training.

This is how you fight cellulite

Anything that promotes blood circulation and the breakdown of body fat will help fight cellulite. Inside and out. Because cellulite is, in the broadest sense, the result of metabolic slowness.

  • You can contribute more vegetables, especially green, lots of non-carbonated water, lots of sleep, massages and relaxation.
  • And use products that refine the complexion and also promote the removal of energy robbers from the connective tissue. Above all, exercise helps to get rid of cellulite.
  • Coffee grounds left over from the last time you brewed coffee are a great way to improve blood circulation. Simply stir in about a tablespoon of olive oil and apply to the skin after showering like an exfoliator. Massage in gently and rinse off.
  • Dry brushing is a great way to combat poor blood circulation, a cause of cellulite. But be careful: dry brushing can aggravate spider veins . So don’t scrub like crazy, but massage gently.
  • Kneading, pinching, plucking, pressing – professional massages are perfect measures which, in addition to exercise and a balanced diet, can ensure firm connective tissue.

Anti-cellulite products

The market offers a lot of high-tech products with exotic ingredients that promise a lot.

Caffeine, power plants from the Amazon (Peruvian liana), licorice extracts , ginseng, green tea for blood circulation, salicylic and glycolic acid for the peeling effect.

Even though many anti-cellulite products feel very effective on the skin, cellulite cannot simply be creamed away.

To do this, the cream would have to penetrate deep under the skin to the fat cells. But they can still help a little.

The active ingredients tighten and firm the outer skin layer, which can thus offer more resistance to the fatty tissue.

It is important that the anti-cellulite creams are regularly applied and massaged in so that they improve blood circulation, stimulate lymph flow and really fight cellulite.

How does exercise help against cellulite?

Fighting cellulite has been shown to work through exercise. The best prerequisite for firm skin are therefore tight muscles. “Where there are muscles, fatty tissue cannot settle so easily. Muscles increase the basal metabolic rate. They burn more calories than fat tissue, ” explains dermatologist Dr. Michaela Axt-Gadermann.

The better metabolism not only tightens the tissue , but also detoxifies it. Those who don’t exercise should therefore do endurance and strength training twice a week.

Swimming , biking, yoga, and equipment training are perfect.

4 workout quickies

Just a few minutes of exercise a day will tighten the tissue. These exercises can be easily incorporated into everyday life:

Wall seat Lean
your back against the wall, slide down to a 90-degree angle. Hold the position for 30 seconds, then rest for 15 seconds, 7 reps.

Squats
Stand up straight, feet hip-width apart. Get on your knees as low as if you were about to sit in a chair. Tilt your upper body slightly forward, stretch your buttocks back, keeping your knees above your toes. 10 squats, 15 seconds rest, 2 reps.

Stand Lunges
upright. Take a large step forward with one leg. The trunk remains upright. Back to the stand and switch sides. 15 to 20 lungs per side, pause, 3 rounds.

Quite easy by the way
When brushing your teeth, slowly stand on your toes and lower your heels again.


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Proper nutrition for cellulite

The more fat the cells store, the greater the pressure they exert on the surrounding tissue. Anyone who eats a lot of sugar, fat and salt and drinks a lot of coffee and alcohol never gets their fat off.

Nutrition tip from a professional: take in sufficient vitamins and minerals. Vitamin E in particular, which is contained in nuts and whole grain products, is particularly useful.

Citrus fruits and vegetables, which are high in vitamin C , are also good for connective tissue. Amino acids in the form of meat and protein support the body in building new connective tissue.

By the way, nothing is worse in combating cellulite than an up and down weight. Crash diets weaken the elastic fibers of the tissue by releasing free radicals. If the fat cells are filled again, the connective tissue is overwhelmed.

The trauma that never happened

trauma false fake memory

Sometimes psychotherapy brings back forgotten trauma. But such memories are not always reliable. Particular caution is required with certain methods.

In the 1980s and 1990s , an unusually high number of adult patients reported to their therapists that they had been sexually abused or suffered other trauma in their childhood .

Previously, suggestive techniques such as hypnosis or dream interpretation were often used to bring out the lost images .

But soon afterwards, a series of experiments by a research group led by psychologist Elizabeth Loftus shook this explanation.

In a famous study, the scientist asked adult test subjects about memories of four childhood events .

One of them, however, never took place

It was about how the participants had temporarily disappeared at the age of five, how they had been lost during a visit with their parents in a shopping center, for example.

With the help of suggestive questioning techniques, the psychologist led a quarter of them to believe that they had actually had this experience: The test subjects had developed fake memories.

Investigations by other working groups soon confirmed how error-prone autobiographical memory can be.

In about 15 percent of the test persons, studies can evoke fake memories that are so convincing that they are comparable to real memory traces, according to a review from 2017 .

Another analysis even comes to 30 percent .

Now memories of a day at the mall can hardly be compared to those of sexual abuse. However, reports from those affected show that memory contents that relate to such terrible events can in rare cases arise artificially, even or especially in psychotherapy.

The first patients in the USA sued their therapists as early as the 1990s. The accusation: you should have awakened fictitious memories in them.

Many of those affected had originally sought treatment for depression or anxiety. Over time, they had come to believe that they had been sexually abused in their childhood.

Later they themselves doubted the new images in their heads because they seemed different from ordinary memories, for example more vivid or more like a dream.

They also differed from memories of other traumas. They withdrew their allegations against their alleged abusers and the courts awarded them damages.

When memories are deceptive

Fake memories usually don’t come about because a therapist has a plan to create them. And they do not arise quickly or in the majority of psychotherapies.

But they can be the result of a chain of circumstances, explains Renate Volbert.

The professor of forensic psychology at the Psychological University Berlin assesses the credibility of statements in criminal proceedings and researches suggestion.

The essence of bogus memories is that one is subjectively convinced that this is exactly how something happened. But that’s still a long way off.

However, it is difficult to distinguish fake memories from real memory contents. They are neither more detailed nor more indistinct.

And they create similar feelings, and can even trigger symptoms of post-traumatic stress disorder.

Only in exceptional cases, for example when objective facts prove the opposite, can they be clearly exposed as false. For example, people cannot remember events that occurred in their first two years of life.

Researchers also refer to this phenomenon as childhood amnesia .

“Fake memories are neither created quickly nor in the majority of psychotherapies. But they can be the result of a chain of circumstances”

(Renate Volbert, Professor of Legal Psychology)

Even with the methods of brain research, no reliable distinction can be made.

“Some false memories are recalled a little slower than real ones, and on average we are a little less certain that we actually experienced the events in question.

Such differences can also be seen in the brain, ”says Tobias Sommer-Blöchl, who researches episodic memory at the Institute for Systemic Neurosciences at the University Medical Center Hamburg-Eppendorf.

“But if I am completely convinced that I have experienced something, there are no longer any neuronal differences in memory retrieval.”

This was confirmed in 2016 by a meta-analysis of studies with functional magnetic resonance imaging .

Can trauma be repressed and brought out again?

For her expert opinion, forensic psychologist Renate Volbert therefore focuses on how the memories came to light in psychotherapy.

And whether there were any influences that could have promoted a fake memory. She considers the assumption that one typically cannot remember traumatic experiences, especially if they are serious, particularly problematic.

The question of whether trauma can be suppressed and brought out again has been debated so passionately by researchers in recent decades that the debate has entered the scientific literature as “memory wars”.

What Memory Experts Says

Some memory experts (including Maastricht University and University College London ) argue about it to this day.

Sigmund Freud already believed in a defense mechanism of memory that lets people forget terrible experiences while they are subconsciously burdened by them.

And even today, four out of five psychology students in the lower semesters believe that traumatic memories are often suppressed, as a survey in the USA from 2011 and 2012 shows.

At least in part, nearly 70 percent of the psychoanalysts surveyed and 84 percent of the general US population agreed. In contrast, only 27 percent of scientifically working psychologists believed that this statement was true.

And only 24 percent of researchers believed that repressed memories could be accurately recovered through psychotherapy – almost 78 percent of the general population believed it.

“If I am completely convinced that I have experienced something, there are no longer any neuronal differences in memory recall.”

(Tobias Sommer-Blöchl, neuroscientist)

Renate Volbert says: Not remembering is at least not a typical consequence of trauma. It is much more likely that people will be flooded with terrible memories.

It is true that some people who were traumatized in their childhood show memory deficits in studies , so they do worse in tests than participants in a control group who are not pre-stressed in this way.

In other surveys, however, they achieve comparable results.

In addition, such experiments only examine the ability to memorize new information. They do not grasp the state of the memories of the traumatic experience itself.

Studies have shown that those affected relatively often incorrectly remember the details of a traumatic situation , although the retrospective often seems particularly vivid and truthful to them. So more emotions do not automatically lead to better memories.

Stress test for memory

Neuroscientist Tobias Sommer-Blöchl also wants to investigate how memory works when it is confronted with a stressful event.

He is currently planning a research project to use the Trier Social Stress Test. The test subjects have to spontaneously expose themselves to an interview, which creates enormous stress.

Previous studies by Oliver Wolf, Professor of Cognitive Psychology at the Ruhr University in Bochum, have shown that subjects in such a situation tend to direct their gaze and attention to objects that are relevant to the situation than to objects in the vicinity.

Accordingly, they can also remember such things better afterwards. Sommer-Blöchl would now like to investigate how this information is stored in the brain over eight months: What is transferred to long-term memory?

And how do these memories change over time, depending on how stressful an event was?

So that people can remember something, it must first be stored as a memory trace in the brain.

Information and experiences are stored in very specific connections between the nerve cells, which can later be reactivated – either consciously when we think about it or talk about it, or unconsciously during sleep.

Neuroscience has not yet investigated whether we can suppress and rediscover an (originally stored) experience over a long period of time.

Cognitive Psychology

“However, it is known from cognitive psychology that the right cue can bring what has apparently been forgotten back into conscious memory, for example in conversations with old friends or when we watch a film a second time,” says Tobias Sommer-Blöchl.

Renate Volbert also does not rule out the fact that traumatic events cannot be remembered for a long time in individual cases, but that they can then be triggered again by a trigger, for example when you meet a person again who was involved in the trauma.

Not having thought back for a long time, however, is different from saying: I didn’t even know that this happened to me! I thought I had a lovely childhood, and now I know that it was hell on earth, says the forensic psychologist.

She therefore takes a critical look at psychotherapists who certainly assume trauma as the cause of psychological suffering such as depression or anxiety, even if such a trauma is not known at all.

And who then look for unconscious memories with methods that promote a pictorial idea, for example with hypnosis.

“The images created in the head become more and more familiar and easier to call up over time,” explains Renate Volbert.

They could then be mistaken for real memory content. If the psychotherapist also thinks they are true, tormenting sham memories could ultimately arise.

“Clients and therapists should know that there can be bogus memories. And that one should be especially careful about looking for memories. Otherwise you might bring people into terrible biographies, ”says Volbert.

And sometimes for a long time: In 2002, a survey of 20 people who later withdrew their allegations of abuse showed that it took them an average of two months to rediscover their first memories of the alleged experiences in therapy.

However, it took five years for them to conclude that they were fake memories .

 

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